Understanding the Stability of Barium-Containing Ceramic Glazes
Ceramic glazes are used both as decoration and as a coating to seal porous clay in order to contain foods and liquids...If glazed pottery is intended for use with food, the product must pass FDA guidelines for lead and cadmium content. Lead exposure can lead to developmental delays in children. Cadmium exposure over time can lead to renal damage.
*new* Computer Science -- Academic Year Group URG Proposal
Reducing the Gender Achievement Gap in Computer Science by Rewarding the Growth Mindset
As computer programming, or coding, becomes a skill that is seen in almost every industry, people are quickly flooding computer sciences courses in universities and online. Beginning coders face frustration. Computer Science (CS) is a large field, making it difficult to teach every concept. CS also involves combining previously learned concepts to come up with novel solutions, so the answers often times don’t exist; they must be created. It is therefore very important to promote learning through failure and comfort with struggling, or a growth mindset.
*new* Education & Social Policy - Summer URG Proposal
Context Matters: An Exploration of the Black Teacher Experience
"Diversity" is certainly a buzz word in the realm of education. While minority teachers generally, and black teachers specifically, are sought nationwide through targeted teacher recruitment policies, there has not been an equal emphasis on developing strategies to retain these "diverse" candidates. This summer I plan to interview high school teachers in Chicago Public Schools (CPS) in an effort to understand the implications that varying school contexts hold for the experiences of black educators.
*new* LatinX/History Archival -- Academic Year URG Proposal
Immigration Activism and Mobilization: Puerto Ricans Organizing for Latino/a/x Immigrant Rights During Chicago’s Chicano Movement
Chicago’s Chicano Movement, beginning in 1965 and extending into the 1980s, was a critical civil rights operation in which Latinos/as/xs (hereafter Latinxs) actively resisted second class grievances and thus, collaborated and mobilized for education reform, political rights, and social equality.....This period of immigration activism added a new, unexplored dimension to the Chicano Movement, and thus, my research will examine the ways Latinxs, particularly Puerto Ricans in Chicago, have supported Latino/a/x immigration rights.
The Little Merperson: a Nonbinary Theatrical Adaptation of The Little Mermaid
This summer I want to create a nonbinary theatrical adaptation of Hans Christian Andersen’s original The Little Mermaid. This adaptation requires research in the forms of directed interviews of nonbinary individuals and analysis of previous adaptations of The Little Mermaid and queer theory in relation to the tale and mermaids. My adaptation will be poetic, musical, and physical in form. By speaking directly to the experiences and metaphors from my interviews in the context of my other research, my show will be true to modern experience and true to the original tale.
American Studies and History - Academic Year URG Proposal
Samuel Williams and the Formation of America’s Social Contract, 1795-1804
My project explores how Americans reimagined the social contract, or how individuals relate to their society, following the ratification of the Constitution in 1788. Historians and legal theorists often interpret ratification as the culmination of a national debate that set the new political order in place. But in the first decades after ratification, Americans—as they still do today—continued to discuss and redefine what individual rights, representation, citizenship, and other concepts should mean.
Surviving the Collapse: Design in the Ancient Maya City of Aventura
Half of the world lives in cities today. A critical question for scholars and political planners alike, is how can a city maintain itself for a long period of time? Archaeology is the one discipline that can study the often millennia long history of a city. My research site is the ancient Maya city of Aventura, which has a long 2,500 year history. Founded around 1000 BC and occupied at least until AD 1500 (Spanish Conquest) this Pre-Columbian city offers a unique opportunity to study how a city changes through time.
Anthropology and Economics - Academic Year Group URG Proposal
Analysis of the Prevalence of Iron-Deficiency Anemia (IDA) and the Intervention for its Reduction in Rural Haryana, India
Anemia is currently recognized as one of the most widespread public health concerns globally. Iron-Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is the most common type. In Southeast Asia alone, 65.5% of preschool age children, 48.2% of pregnant women, and 45.7% of non-pregnant women are affected by anemia. Addressing childhood anemia early is essential to avoid abnormalities in cognitive and psychomotor development. Maternal anemia prevention will combat increases in maternal mortality, low birth weight, and preterm delivery.
A New Structural and Functional Role of Pdlim7 in Mouse Vasculature
Pdlim7, an actin-associated protein of the PDZ-LIM protein family, is found in many actin-rich structures such as vascular smooth muscle and platelets, and has diverse biological functions. In the mouse, the absence of Pdlim7 leads to a hyperthrombotic phenotype in which the mice form blood clots very quickly. Studies of the platelets and the blood coagulation cascade of Pdlim7-deficient mice have not generated a complete explanation for this phenotype (Krcmery et al., 2013).
Sex Steroid Hormones and Sexual Dimorphism of Circadian Rhythms in Mice
Nearly every cell in our bodies aligns to an internal biological clock. Recently, sex steroid hormone function has been linked to this clock, governed by what is known as a circadian rhythm. These findings have implications for women who experience common conditions such as menopause or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), both of these result in dramatic reductions of estrogen levels. Additionally, PCOS is the most common cause of infertility in women and associated with common metabolic diseases such as insulin resistance.
Modular Production of Bispecific Antibodies via Sf-9 Cells
Antibody drugs have become one of the most important classes of targeted cancer therapy because of their ability to specifically bind to receptors on tumor cells and activate downstream processes that disrupt their proliferation. Numerous large pharmaceutical and small biotech companies have invested a significant amount of effort in developing new and more effective platforms based on antibody therapeutics. The majority of these approaches use monospecific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), meaning that the antibody drugs recognize only one target.
A Supramolecular Polymer for Organic Photovoltaic Devices
Since 1750, atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide have increased from 275 ppm to 392 ppm in 2013, with continued annual increases of 2-3 ppm. This steady increase has been partly attributed to anthropogenic causes, particularly the increased burning of fossil fuels, and the increase in carbon dioxide levels is believed to be a leading cause in global warming. Future energy needs call for abundant, low-carbon technologies to reduce the environmental effects of fossil fuel consumption.
Investigating the Relationship Between White-matter Brain Connectivity and Orthographic-phonological Letter Integration Ability in Pre-reading Children
As a member of Northwestern’s Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience (DCN) lab, under Dr. James Booth, I have learned to analyze brain pathways and regions in relation to reading ability. I also work closely with a post-doctorate scholar, Margaret Gullick, on this project. My independent contribution is my experience with Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), a new approach that analyzes the brain connectivity of white matter pathways between brain regions, as opposed to the activity of grey-matter region (fMRI).
Comparative Literature and International Studies - Academic Year URG Proposal
María Elena Walsh and Lewis Carroll: Transatlantic Resonances of Fantasy and Folklore in Children’s Literature
Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland, which celebrates the higher sense of nonsense and introduces readers to a Wonderland full of vivid and irrational characters, transformed the genre of children’s literature in the English-speaking world. Although Carroll achieved international fame for his writing, María Elena Walsh (1930–2011), the first Argentine author to write in the nonsense genre for children, is famous in her own country but little known elsewhere.
Computer Science (design project) -- Academic Year Group URG Proposal
Dynamic Tutorials: Creating Readily-Available Worked Examples for Novice Programmers
Modern professional web development relies heavily on frontend frameworks, such as AngularJS, and techniques designed to augment and simplify the capabilities of native web technologies. Although these tools and techniques provide helpful abstractions for experienced developers, their complex interaction protocols present a steep learning curve. Learners must not only understand how to use features of a particular technology, but also when to apply usage patterns and techniques to specific cases.